Barred Rock Chickens: Complete Breed Profile

The Barred Rock chicken is a hard working member of the backyard chicken flock. She is a beautiful, calm and productive member of any flock.

One of Americas’ first and finest poultry creations, she has been a worldwide success for thousands of poultry breeders, enthusiasts and backyard ‘keepers for well over 100 years.

Read on to learn more about this underrated and often overlooked hen to see if she fits well with you and your flock.

History & Background

This is one of Americas’ oldest breeds first putting in an appearance in the mid 1800s’. The first barred specimens seemed to disappear from the landscape despite being shown at the Boston, Massachusetts show in 1849.

The breed reappeared in 1869, when a Mr. Upham of Massachusetts bred barred roosters to Java hens to create the prototype of the Barred Rock, although others lay claim to the breed also.

At this particular period of time, the Dominique hen (who is also barred) was very popular and winning poultry shows.

Dominique Winter Chicken

At this time, the standard for Dominiques and eventually Barred Rocks was a bit lax. Breeders could exhibit Dominiques or Barred Rocks in both breed categories and win both categories because the comb could be either rose or single.

This seemed very unfair to many breeders and eventually the New York Poultry Society set the standard as rose comb for Dominiques and single for Barred Rocks. Needless to say this upset a few people and caused confusion for owners of either bird.

Eventually, things settled down and the two breeds became separate entities in competition.

The Barred (Plymouth) Rock hen became the basis of the broiler industry until World War 2 when more productive breeds of hen had been produced. They were almost single handedly responsible for keeping meat protein and eggs in the American diet through the time of rationing.

They remained popular as backyard hens because of their hardiness, docility and productive traits.

In the 1930s’ the Barred Rock ‘production bird’ was introduced to breeders and farmers alike.

The production breed excelled in the eggs and meat areas and very nearly drove the purebred heritage hen to extinction. Fortunately the heritage bird has enjoyed a resurgence of popularity and now is listed as ‘recovering’ by the Livestock Conservancy.

Dominique Winter Chicken Purchase Barred Rock Chickens


Appearance & Varieties

The first of the varieties appeared in 1884 when a Mr. Frost exhibited his white barred ‘sports’. The Plymouth Rock Club was formed in 1897 to promote the breed.

In 1890 R.C. Buffington exhibited Buffs for the first time.

The Partridge variety made its’ appearance in the Madison Square Garden show in 1910 and was accepted to the APA in 1914.

Shortly thereafter, the Columbian rock appeared in exhibitions and was accepted by the APA in 1920.

In 1922 the silver penciled emerged and was duly accepted into the APA.

Silver Pencilled Barred Rock
Silver Pencilled Barred Rock

The blue variety was the last to be accepted by the APA.


The overall appearance of the Barred Rock hen is a large, vaguely triangular shaped body with sharply defined barred black and white feathers.

Barred Rock
The Classic Barred Rock Chicken

It should be a hearty looking bird with a 5 pointed single red comb and face. Eyes should be bright and alert.

Full breasted with a long back, the bird gives a lot of meat for those interested in raising them for table fare.

Once the birds get to know you they will be friendly creatures, often tapping you for treats or affection! They are great with children as many of them enjoy being picked up and cuddled – lap chickens in the making!



The Barred Rock was accepted to the American Poultry Association standard in 1874. In the US seven varieties are recognized.

In Britain only five are recognized by the Poultry Club of Great Britain but the Entente Europeenne d’Aviculture et du Cuniculture recognize ten varieties.


The Barred Rock is a friendly, sweet and docile bird which is partly why it has been a favorite hen for so many years; they are not known to be mean or bad tempered. It suits backyard life well and is easily integrated to a modest family setting.

They are inquisitive and love to forage for their food, a skill that they are very adept at. They have a very unfussy demeanor and will be at home in confinement too if they have sufficient space.

Eggs & Broodiness

The Barred Rock is a layer of an ample amount of light brown medium large eggs. She will lay in the region of 4 eggs per week or 200+ per year.

Barred Rock Hen With Eggs

The production strains will lay well for the first couple of years then output will start to decline. With the heritage strain, laying will go into the third or even fourth year, but be less in overall amount per year.

Although not overly broody, they can be persuaded to brood if you keep a few eggs in a nest with the hope of encouraging them. They make good broodies’ once they get the hang of it and are good mothers too by all accounts.

Chicks feather in pretty quickly too so are ready to go outside quite early. They put on weight well over the first few weeks/months and can be considered to be broilers by 8-12 weeks.

Health Issues

This is a healthy, strong bird with a great genetic background, so she has no real health problems to speak of.

The combs of the roosters may need some care during severely cold weather and of course internal and external parasites need to be monitored. Otherwise she is fairly maintenance- free bird.

Is The Barred Rock Breed Right For Me?

If you have a small backyard enterprise and want a quiet, docile, friendly egg layer, the Barred Rock may be your bird.

They are not very noisy (except for the egg song) and would make a good addition to an urban flock. They provide adequately in the egg department for a mid-sized family and hens will reach around 7.5lb. and make a good proportioned table bird. Roosters will be about 1lb. heavier than the hens.

They are not pushy or overly assertive, they would rather walk away from a confrontation although if pushed will stand their ground. They pair well with other breeds such as Dominiques, Barnevelders and Faverolles.

They tolerate confinement well, but shine in the foraging department if allowed to free range. Their distinctive barring gives them some camouflage against aerial predators.

The roosters can be protective of their girls, so be cautious with small children especially during breeding season. However, the roosters have also been known to sit on the eggs to give Mama a break and are generally more laid back that most other roosters.

Those folks who have kids interested in a 4H or farming projects could do much worse than using bantam Barred Rocks for the kids. They make for a valuable, non-threatening and relatively cheap endeavor into the world of self-sufficiency or farming.


The Barred rock is a hen suitable for many locations from larger farm operations to small backyards – wherever you need a quiet, dependable egg layer!

The quietness of the bird bodes well for an urban setting where neighbors are always a consideration.

The plumage gives reasonable cover from predation if they are allowed to free range and a rooster can be kept as an ‘early warning system’ to alert you to danger.

Of course, livestock guardians, whether canine or otherwise can certainly help in this respect.

The Barred Rocks I have kept have always been quiet birds who have gone about their business with fanfare but enjoy human interaction – especially the occasional treats!

A few Barred Rocks hens will keep a small family in eggs with some to spare each week so they more than pay for their keep in product and entertainment.

All in all, the Barred Rock is well suited for life as a backyard hen with low maintenance needs and high productivity – what more could you ask?

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  1. Kathy Sheets-Noggles says

    I have two 1 year old Barred Rock Hens and I would like to put another full grown chicken in with them but they picked on her. is there a way to get them to except her without her getting hurt? They have been along side her cage for months now but still won’t let her be in there run with them. Help………

    • Kristin M. Haynes says

      My understanding is to never add ONE chicken to your flock, always at least TWO at a time to divide their attentions. I was also instructed to add them at night so when they wake in the morning they realize that they have all survived together unaware of the other without incident. This has worked fairly well for us though we are always in the mix to encourage peace. It also can take up to a solid week before they fully accept each other into the flock as members.

    • Bethany says

      I had three I was adding to an existing flock of 4 and did the add ‘em at night thing and they got picked on. So I just continued the add them at night, and took them away after about an hour or so together in the morning, let them see but not get to each other during the day and then put them together at night. I did this for about 2 weeks and then gradually increased the time they were together in the morning with more and more things to hold the flocks interest while they were together. Extra hay or treats to keep their attention and I added extra peaches so the little ones could get away. It took awhile, but eventually it way ok and now they are one big happy flock. The smaller ones still get chased from time to time but no injuries. So be patience, flexible and observant is my advice.

    • Melinda says

      they truly are a self contained hierarchy and new chickens are difficult to introduce into a flock. I have never seen any issues with picking on little ones if they born to the flock and mom introduces them. I have had better luck when i have a side pen and the new chickens talk through the pens and get to know each other. As well, I would let them mingle in the free range yard for some time before I pen them together.

  2. Darlene Chorman says

    We have had 2 of our Barred rock hens die in the past few days-find them on their sides in the coop over night-no trauma, bodily fluids, etc with any evidence of what happened. They are @ 5 years old. Any ideas of what caused their deaths? We have 2 left of this breed and age group. All others are healthy as well. Thanks

    • The Happy Chicken Coop says

      Have you seen any oddities in their droppings in the local vicinity? This can tell you alot.


  3. Deryacenter says

    Dominques don’t have any specific health issues.  They are a solid heritage breed for backyard flocks and small farms, especially if you are looking for good mothers and prolific egg layers.

  4. Justin D Baker says

    My daughter is doing chickens for 4-H she is getting the Barred Rock breed and the Buff Orpington breed we get them May 6, 2020.

  5. JM says

    How high can barred rocks fly? Is it ok to clip wings? I have a 4 foot fence around my property. Wanting to free range…

  6. Beckers girls says

    My Barred Rock has begun laying tiny eggs. One did not concern me but she is laying one tiny egg a day for 4 days. Is this ok?

  7. Niago Wilson says

    I kept my new flock of 3 separate but where the older rock of 2 could see them. I did this for a week and there’s was very little picking when I finally allowed them to be together.

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